Future Trends: Surprising Developments before 2030.

 

Adapted from: Guillen, M. F. (2020). 2030: How Today’s Biggest Trends Will Collide and Reshape the Future of Everything. St. Martin’s Press.

 

Next Industrial Revolution:

  • Birthplace of the next industrial revolution: Sub-Saharan Africa
  • The reason: 500 million acres of fertile yet undeveloped agricultural land. The total size of Mexico is 500 million acres.
  • The population of sub-Saharan Africa was 1.1 billion in 2019. The current growth rate is 2.3%. The UN predicts for the region a population between 2 and 2.5 billion by 2050.
  • Sub-Saharan African countries top the list of countries and territories by fertility rate with 40 of the highest 50, all with Total Fertility Rate (TFR) greater than 4 (children per woman) in 2008.
  • More than 40% of the population in sub-Saharan countries is younger than 15 years old, with the exception of South Africa.

 

Women

  • Percentage of the world’s wealth owned by women in 2000: 15
  • Percentage of the world’s wealth owned by women in 2030: 55
  • If Lehman Brothers had been Lehman Sisters: global financial crisis averted

 

Hunger and Obesity

  • Worldwide, the number of people who went hungry in 2017: 821 million.
  • Worldwide, the number of people who will go hungry in 2030: 200 million
  • Worldwide, the number of people who were obese in 2017: 650 million.
  • Worldwide, the number of people who will be obese in 2030: 1.1 billion.
  • Percentage of Americans projected to be obese in 2030: 50

 

Cities

  • Percentage of the world’s land occupied by cities in 2030: 1.1
  • Percentage of the world’s population living in cities in 2030: 60
  • Percentage of worldwide carbon emissions produced by cities in 2030: 87
  • Percentage of world’s urban population exposed to rising sea levels in 2030: 80

 

Middle Class

  • The largest middle-class consumer market today: United States and Western Europe.
  • The largest middle-class consumer market in 2030: China
  • By 2030, the number of people entering the middle class in emerging markets: 1 billion.
  • The number of people currently in the middle class in the United States: 223 million
  • The number of people in the middle class in the United States in 2030: 209 million

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